Welsh Government
Export Hub
Create account

For further support or business advice
Call 03000 6 03000 or contact us

Find your next export market

flag United States United States: Introduction

Capital: Washington, D.C.


Total Population: 331,893,745
Natural Increase: 0.1%
Density: 36 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 82.9%
Population of main metropolitan areas: New York (8,336,900); Los Angeles (3,979,600); Chicago (2,694,000); Houston (2,320,300); Phoenix (1,681,000); Philadelphia (1,584,100); San Antonio (1,547,300); San Diego (1,423,900); Dallas (1,343,600); San Jose (1,021,800)
Ethnic Origins: According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the majority of Americans have European, Middle Eastern, or North African ethnic backgrounds, accounting for over 73% of the population. Another 17.6% of the population is of Hispanic or Latino origin, 12.7% of the population is African American, and about 5.4% is of Asian origin. American Indians and Alaska Natives make up about 0.8% of the population and Native Hawaiians or other Pacific Islanders make up about 0.2% of the population.
Official Language: There is not an official language at the national level; however, English is the official language of the majority of American states and the most commonly spoken language.
Other Languages Spoken: Spanish is the most commonly spoken language after English. While regionally concentrated in states such as Arizona, Texas, California, Florida and New Mexico, there are Spanish-speaking enclaves across the country. In communities with large immigrant populations, other languages are spoken, including Chinese, Japanese, Italian, German, Polish or Greek. Moreover, there are many languages spoken by Native American populations (Navajo, Cree, Cherokee, etc.).
Business Language(s): English
Religion: Protestant 52%, Catholic 24%, Mormon 2%, Jewish 1%, Muslim 1%, Other 10%, Without religion 10%.

Welsh diplomatic representations:

The Welsh Government overseas offices aim to grow the economy by increasing exporting and attracting inward investment, raising Wales' profile on the international stage and establishing Wales as a globally responsible nation. Details on the offices in the United States are below:

- Atlanta - +1 (404) 954 7741 - Open from 9:00am to 5:00pm local time
- Chicago - +1 (312) 970 3802 - Open from 9:00am to 5:00pm local time
- New York - +1 (212) 745 0415 - Open from 9:00am to 5:00pm local time
- San Francisco - +1 (415) 617 1355 - Open from 9:00am to 5:00pm local time
- Washington DC (North America HQ) - +1 (202) 588 6623 - Open from 9:00am to 5:00pm local time

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In New York, Washington DC, Philadelphia
It is %T:%M %A In Chicago, Houston, San Antonio, Dallas
It is %T:%M %A In Los Angeles, San Diego

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: American Dollar (USD)

Country Overview

Area: 9,831,510 km²
Type of State: The United States are a federal republic, based on representative democracy, with three equally powerful branches of Government; comprised of 50 largely self-governing and semi-sovereign states.
Type of Economy: High-income economy; OECD member; G8 member.
Leading world power; leading exporter; high debt ratio
HDI*: 0.915/1
HDI (World Rank): 8/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an indicator which synthesizes several data such as life expectancy, level of education, professional careers, access to culture etc.

United States


Telephone Code:
To call from the United States, dial 011
To call the United States, dial +1
Internet Suffix: .us
Computers: 80.5 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 44.0 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 81.0 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20172018201920202021
Imports of Goods (million USD) 2,408,4762,614,2212,567,4452,407,5272,935,314
Exports of Goods (million USD) 1,546,2731,663,9821,643,1611,431,6101,754,300
Imports of Services (million USD) 520,424540,951567,121435,748550,025
Exports of Services (million USD) 778,361839,594853,842684,001795,273

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, Latest data available.


Any comment about this content? Report it to us.

This content is provided by Business Wales, an agency of the Welsh Government, and is intended to Welsh individuals and companies for information purposes.

© eexpand, All Rights Reserved.
Latest Update: September 2023