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flag United States United States: Buying

In this page: Customs Procedures | Industrial and Manufacturing Profile | Identifying a Supplier | Controlling the Quality of the Products | Organizing Goods Transport To and From the United States

 

Customs Procedures

Export Clearance
It is necessary to comply with the specific procedures determined in the Export Administration Regulations (EAR). Export.gov provides tools, assistance, and expert knowledge to help your company grow in the global marketplace.
Depending on the good or service, you may need a license or permit to export it from the U.S. as a part of your business. Most items exported to a foreign buyer will not require an export license.  However, all items are subject to export control laws and regulations. To avoid any problems, follow the U.S. Customs and Border Protection’s (CBP’s) exporting requirements or contact the local port of entry used to export your goods.

It is imperative that the appropriate export documentation, thoroughly and accurately completed, accompany all export shipments. Failure to do so can result in tax payments, detention or seizure of shipments, miss-shipments, penalties, government audits, and adverse publicity. The documents described below are required for exports

  • Commercial Invoice
  • Packing List
  • Electronic Export Information

The Electronic Export Information (EEI) needs to be filed when the value of the commodity classified under each individual Schedule B number is over $2,500 or if a validated export license is required to export the commodity. The exporter is responsible for preparing the EEI and the carrier files it with U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) through the AES or AES Direct. Exporters are to maintain records of all exports for a period of five years from the date of export or last export or re-export.

Necessary Declaration

Entering merchandise is a two-part process consisting of: (1) filing the documents necessary to determine whether merchandise may be released from Customs custody, and (2) filing the documents that contain information for duty assessment and statistical purposes. Both of these processes can be accomplished electronically via the Automated Broker Interface program of the Automated Commercial Systems.

  • Invoices
  • Each package is marked and numbered so it can easily be identified against the invoice.
  • A detailed description of the merchandise in each package is on the invoice.
  • The country of origin is clearly marked.
  • Any special laws that apply are complied with. Merchandise such as food, drugs, cosmetics, alcohol and so on will usually fall into this category.
Restrictions
« Export permission » and « Export approval » are necessary but they only concern goods internationally recognized as being subject to such restrictions (weapons, nuclear energy, missiles, etc.).
Export Taxes
No.

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Industrial and Manufacturing Profile

Type of Production
For the resources for businesses on managing the manufacturing and the supply chain risk due to the outbreak of the Covid19 pandemic, please consult the report COVID-19: Managing supply chain risk and disruption (Deloitte Canada, 2020), as well as the insights on COVID-19: How to fortify your supply chain (Kearney, 2020).
The World Economic Forum's COVID Action Platform provides useful information on the latest strategic trends regarding COVID-19 implications for businesses, including manufacturing and supply systems. The report Outbreak Readiness and Business Impact (World Economic Forum in collaboration with the Harvard Global Health Institute) offers insights on handling coronavirus by businesses and strategies for effective response and resilience.

The U.S. is the leading industrial power in the world. Industry represents 18.2% of GDP. Its production is highly diversified, technologically advanced and includes the following sectors: petroleum, steel, motor vehicles, aerospace, telecommunications, chemicals, electronics, food processing, consumer goods, lumber and mining.

Professional Associations by Sector
191 professional associations listed for the United States.

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Type of Manufacturers

Original Equipment Manufacturers
OEMs are found in every major American industrial sector, for example IBM, General Motors, Boeing, etc.
Original Design Manufacturers
This is a company that manufactures a product which ultimately will be branded by another firm for sale. ODMs create their own intellectual property and are very proactive in patenting it. Most of their patents are filed in the US, Taiwan and China.
Subcontractors
The labor cost in USA is too high to allow the country to be competitive for this type of business relation. Nevertheless in some particular case inside the country, big companies use smaller one of the same industry as subcontractors on some projects.

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Identifying a Supplier

Business Directories

Multi-sector Directories
4Wholesale USA - USA wholesale suppliers listed by categories
All.biz - USA - Directory of companies in the USA
Columbia Chamber - Columbia business directory
Manta - US business directory
Openfos - US manufacturers, wholesalers, and suppliers of industrial product or services
SuperPages - Search engine of local US Yellow Pages.
Thomas Net - Directory of manufacturers, distributors and service providers in the USA
Zipleaf - Business directory for several countries in the world
 

To search directories by industry in the United States, check out our service Business directories.

 

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Marketplaces

Marketplaces incorporated in the country
99Designs
Adhesives and Sealants
Aerospace Online
Aeroxchange
Amazon
Amazon Handmade
Artfire
ATM Marketplace
Atomic Mall
Auto Central
AWS Marketplace
Bakery Online
Beverage Industry Marketplace
Beverage Online
Bid4Assets
BiddingForGood
Bioprocess Online
BioSupplyNet
BizBuySell
Bonanza
BuyerZone
Cargo Portal Services
ChemDeals
Chemical Online
ChemicalRegister.com
CoStar
CRM Marketplace
Dairy
Dairy Network
Data Collection Online
Data Storage Connection
Deal Stream
DebtX
DemandStar
DOMedia
eChinaChem
ECM Connection
eCrater
ElectricNet
EquipNet
Etsy
Exostar
Farms.com
Farmtrade
Fedvendor
Field Technologies Online
Finect
Food for sale
Food Online
Freightgate
Global Healthcare Exchange
GlobalSpec
GlobalTrade
Go2Paper
GoIndustry Dovebid
Google Play
GovCon
Grant Street Group
Guru
Hydrocarbon Online
ILS
Informatica Marketplace
Ingredients Online
InnoCentive
International Beverage Network
INTTRA
Laboratory Network.com
Liquidation.com
MachineTools.com
Manufacturer.com
Market Engine
MarketAxess
Mectronic
Medical Device Online
Metal Suppliers Online
MFG.com
MRO MarketPlace
netCOMPONENTS
New York State Contract Reporter
Newegg
NineSigma
Nurses.com
OFS Portal
Oil and Gas Online
OneAero
Overstock
Packaging Network.com
PartsBase
PartsForIndustry
PartsLogistic
Pharmaceutical Online
Pollution Online
Powersource Online
Printing Industry Exchange
ProZ.com
PTplace.com
Public Works.com
Pulp and Paper Online
Safety Online
SalvageSale
Solid Waste
Sorcity.com
TeachersPayTeachers
Textbroker
The Export Yellow Pages
The Oil & Gas Asset Clearinghouse
The Plastics Exchange
ThomasNet
TopCoder
TopTenWholesale
Tradeloop
TradeWeb
TruckersEdge
TYNAX
Unison
USBid.com
VIPAR Heavy Duty
Voice123
VoiceBunny
Wand
Water Online
WeConnectFashion
Wireless Design Online
WoodPlanet
WOODWEB
Workana
World Wide Arts Resources
yet2.com
Zabihah
Zappos.com
 

To go further, check out our service Online marketplaces.

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Other Useful Resources

Trade Agencies and Their Representations Abroad
U.S. Chamber of Commerce
U.S. Small Business Administration
National Business Association
Office of the American business representatives
Contact the British-American Business in the United Kingdom.
 
 
Contact Your Commercial Representations in the United States
Contact UK Trade & Investment in the United States.
Contact the British Embassy in the United States.
Fairs and Trade Shows
Trade Shows in USA
 

To go further, check out our service Trade shows.

Learn more about Service Providers in the United States on Globaltrade.net, the Directory for International Trade Service Providers.

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Controlling the Quality of the Products

Quality Control Organizations
American Society for Quality

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Organizing Goods Transport To and From the United States

Main Useful Means of Transport
According to the latest data provide by Bureau of Transportation Statistics, in 2018 the U.S. transportation system moved a daily average of about 51.0 million tons of freight valued at more than $51.8 billion. Water is the leading transportation mode for U.S.-international freight trade. Ships moved 41.9 percent of the value (nearly $1.8 trillion) and 70.9 percent of the weight (1.6 billion tons) in 2018. Air freight, which accounted for 0.3 percent by weight, was the second largest mover of goods by value (27.5 percent), accounting for $1.16 trillion. Truck moved 10.4 percent of total freight and 18.4 percent of total value.  Trucking was the primary mover from and to Canada and Mexico, followed by rail. Together, rail and pipeline accounted for about 6.0 percent of the total value and 17.3 percent of the total weight of U.S.-international freight trade. The top 25 U.S.-international freight gateways, measured by value of shipments in 2017, consist of 10 water ports, 5 land-border crossings, and 10 air gateways.

All coasts of the country have advanced, highly computerised ports, automated for a fast distribution of the goods (especially in containers); some of them offer a direct connection towards waterways. The Port of Los Angeles is the leading U.S.-international freight gateway (water), moving $214.8 billion in cargo.

After deregulation in the 1980s, the railway freight market has rapidly expanded and increased more than 40%. Regional oil shipments by rail increased, on average, from less than 1 percent of all regional shipments in 2010 to over 7 percent in 2019.
 
 

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By Air

Airports
List of U.S Airports
Transport Professionals
List of Air Transport professionals
Government Transport Organisations
Federal Aviation Administration

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By Road

Transport Professionals
UPS
DHL
Fedex
Government Transport Organisations
U.S. Department of Transportation: Federal Highway Administration

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Learn more about Sourcing in the United States on Globaltrade.net, the Directory for International Trade Service Providers.

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Latest Update: May 2022