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flag Japan Japan: Introduction

Capital: Tokyo


Total Population: 125,681,593
Natural Increase: -0.5%
Density: 346 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 91.9%
Population of main metropolitan areas: Tokyo (9,556,000); Yokohama (3,740,200); Osaka (2,725,000); Nagoya (2,320,400); Sapporo (1,966,500); Fukuoka (1,579,500); Kobe (1,527,400); Kawasaki (1,516,500); Kyoto (1,469,000); Saitama (1,295,600); Hiroshima (1,199,300); Sendai (1,088,700)
Ethnic Origins: Japan is one of the most ethnically homogeneous countries in the world, with ethnic Japanese making up the vast majority of its population. Other ethnic groups present in Japan are mainly Chinese, Korean, Vietnamese and Filipino. (Official Statistics of Japan)
Official Language: Japanese (nihongo)
Other Languages Spoken: Korean and Chinese
Business Language(s): English is the most commonly spoken foreign language. Business professionals, including business leaders, often read English better than they can speak it.
Religion: Shintoism and Buddhism are the two most widespread religions (84% of the population). Japanese may follow one or both religions.gion, or both.

Welsh diplomatic representations:

The Welsh Government overseas offices aim to grow the economy by increasing exporting and attracting inward investment, raising Wales' profile on the international stage and establishing Wales as a globally responsible nation. Details on the offices in Japan are below:

- Tokyo - +81 3 5211 1247 - Open from 9:00am to 5:00pm local time

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Tokyo

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Japanese Yen (JPY)

Country Overview

Area: 377,974 km²
Type of State: Japan is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary regime.
Type of Economy: High-income economy; OECD member; G8 member.
Third largest world economy; largest number of patents taken out in the world; affected by numerous natural disasters
HDI*: 0.891/1
HDI (World Rank): 20/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an indicator which synthesizes several data such as life expectancy, level of education, professional careers, access to culture etc.



Telephone Code:
To call from Japan, dial 00
To call Japan, dial +81
Internet Suffix: .jp
Computers: 54.2 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 50.8 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 79.1 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20172018201920202021
Imports of Goods (million USD) 671,434748,488720,957635,460768,976
Exports of Goods (million USD) 698,367738,143705,564641,319756,032
Imports of Services (million USD) 190,822201,377204,384182,711207,337
Exports of Services (million USD) 181,599189,404202,891156,351167,851

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, Latest Available Data


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This content is provided by Business Wales, an agency of the Welsh Government, and is intended to Welsh individuals and companies for information purposes.

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Latest Update: May 2023