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flag Germany Germany: Introduction

Capital: Berlin


Total Population: 83,196,078
Natural Increase: 0.0%
Density: 238 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 77.5%
Population of main metropolitan areas: Berlin (3,669,500); Hamburg (1,847,300); Munich (1,484,300); Cologne (1,087,900); Frankfurt (763,400); Stuttgart (636,000); Düsseldorf (621,900); Leipzig (593,200); Dortmund (588,300); Essen (582,800); Bremen (567,600); Dresden (556,800)
Ethnic Origins: According to German authorities, over 91% of the population is of German origin. The largest ethnic group of non-German origin are the Turkish, comprising over 3% of the population. About 6% of the population is made up of individuals of Greek, Italian, Polish, Russian, Serbo-Croatian and Spanish origin. In 2019, Germany absorbed around 1.5 million migrants (more than 1% of its population), primarily from Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan. (Federal Statistical Office of Germany)
Official Language: German.
Other Languages Spoken: Most Germans have a very good knowledge of English. Quite a few of them speak French. Additionally, though less frequently, Italian, Spanish and Russian are also spoken.
Business Language(s): The business languages are German and English.
Religion: Christian 62.5% (Catholic 31.4%, Protestant 31.1%), Muslim 4%, Jewish 0.2%.

Welsh diplomatic representations:

The Welsh Government overseas offices aim to grow the economy by increasing exporting and attracting inward investment, raising Wales' profile on the international stage and establishing Wales as a globally responsible nation. Details on the offices in Germany are below:

- Berlin (Germany HQ) - +49 3020 457135 - Open from 9:00am to 5:00pm local time
- Düsseldorf - +49 (0) 211 9448-215 - Open from 9:00am to 5:00pm local time

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Berlin

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Euro (EUR)

Country Overview

Area: 357,590 km²
Type of State: Germany is a democratic, federal parliamentary republic. The country has 16 states ("Länder") or provinces, which have local governments and legislatures that enjoy considerable decentralisation in relation to the Federal Government.
Type of Economy: High-income economy, OECD member, G8 member.
The leading European power; the world's second largest exporter.
HDI*: 0.916/1
HDI (World Rank): 6/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an indicator which synthesizes several data such as life expectancy, level of education, professional careers, access to culture etc.



Telephone Code:
To call from Germany, dial 00
To call Germany, dial +49
Internet Suffix: .de
Computers: 65.6 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 61.8 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 84.0 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20172018201920202021
Imports of Goods (million USD) 1,162,9071,284,3531,233,9781,170,4411,420,129
Exports of Goods (million USD) 1,448,1911,560,5391,489,4121,380,6471,631,931
Imports of Services (million USD) 329,246371,207369,368307,130381,033
Exports of Services (million USD) 303,366344,033341,078305,169377,236

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, Latest data available.


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This content is provided by Business Wales, an agency of the Welsh Government, and is intended to Welsh individuals and companies for information purposes.

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Latest Update: September 2023