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flag China China: Introduction

Capital: Beijing


Total Population: 1,412,360,000
Natural Increase: 0.1%
Density: 150 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 62.5%
Population of main cities: Shanghai (21,020,000); Beijing (18,431,000); Shenzhen (12,994,000); Guangzhou (Canton) (12,874,400); Tianjin (12,090,000); Chengdu (9,177,000); Wuhan (8,896,900); Chongqing (7,919,600); Dongguan (7,638,600); Hong Kong SAR (7,572,800); Foshan (7,508,800); Taipei (7,034,500); Hangzhou (6,970,000); Nanjing (6,500,000)
Ethnic Origins: According to Chinese authorities, more than 92% of the population are of Han Chinese origin, with Zhuang, Uighur, Hui, Yi, Tibetan, Miao, Mandchous, Mongol, Buyi, Korean and other ethnic origins forming about 8% of the population. (National Bureau of Statistics of China).
Official Language: The national language is Mandarin; however, there are many different dialects and variants of it.
Other Languages Spoken: There are more than a hundred dialects, with Mandarin in the north and Cantonese in the south of the country. The official language coexists with the other languages (Mongolian, Uyghur, Korean, Tibetan) of the autonomous regions.
Business Language(s): When the foreign party does not speak Chinese, business discussions will generally be held in English.
Religion: The Chinese are generally atheists. That being said, Buddhism, Taoism and Confucianism are relatively widespread amongst senior citizens and attract a part of the well-to-do class today. There are also Christian and Muslim minorities.
Literacy Rate: 90.9%

Welsh diplomatic representations:

The Welsh Government overseas offices aim to grow the economy by increasing exporting and attracting inward investment, raising Wales' profile on the international stage and establishing Wales as a globally responsible nation. Details on the offices in China are below:

- Beijing - +86 10 5811 1811 - Open from 9:00am to 5:00pm local time
- Chongqing - +86 23 6369 1400 - Open from 9:00am to 5:00pm local time
- Shanghai - +86 21 6229 0655 - Open from 9:00am to 5:00pm local time

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Beijing

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Chinese Yuan (Renminbi) (CNY)

Country Overview

Area: 9,600,013 km²
Type of State: The People's Republic of China is a one-party state led by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). China is characterized by a centralized unitary State under the exclusive political leadership of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). The Party has the full jurisdiction and authority in the country. It consists of legislative, executive, military, supervisory, judicial and procuratorial branches. The National People's Congress (NPC) is the highest state organ, with control over the constitution and basic laws, as well as over the election and supervision of officials of other government organs.
Type of Economy: Second richest country in the world (GDP); emerging financial market.
Largest population in the world; highest GDP growth rate in the world over the last 10 years.
HDI*: 0.727/1
HDI (World Rank): 90/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an indicator which synthesizes several data such as life expectancy, level of education, professional careers, access to culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from China, dial 00
To call China, dial +86
Internet Suffix: .cn
Computers: 4.1 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 20.6 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 42.3 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20172018201920202021
Imports of Goods (million USD) 1,843,7932,135,7482,078,3862,057,2172,688,634
Exports of Goods (million USD) 2,263,3452,486,6952,499,4572,590,2213,363,835
Imports of Services (million USD) 464,133520,683496,967377,528441,312
Exports of Services (million USD) 226,389269,697281,651278,084392,198

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, Latest data available.


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This content is provided by Business Wales, an agency of the Welsh Government, and is intended to Welsh individuals and companies for information purposes.

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Latest Update: September 2023